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Eduard Sievers

Date of Birth:
November 25, 1850 (Lippoldsberg, Germany)

Date of Death:
March 30, 1932 (Leipzig, Germany)


Eduard Sievers was a linguist with a focus on Germanic languages, and was one of the Leipzig “neogrammarians.” Using statistical methods and experimentation, he aimed to formulate laws for the melodic and rhythmic elements of language. He also became well known for “Sievers’ Law,” a phonetic law for Indo-European languages.

After studying in Leipzig and Berlin, Sievers worked as professor extraordinarius of Germanic and Romance philology at the University of Jena from the age of twenty-one. In 1881, he turned down a call to Harvard, but taught at universities in Tübingen and Halle before accepting a professorship at Leipzig in 1892.

Sievers’s early career parallels the heyday of the discipline of phonetics in German universities. He specialized in Indo-European phonetics, but tried to approach the topic in a new way: he conducted experiments to reconstruct a literary text’s inherent sonic form, which he believed was set down by the author. He asked different people to read the same text passage and tried to find laws behind their tone, rhythm, and versification. In his view, an important part of recitation was the aesthetic empathy (Einfühlung) of the speaker who reproduced the author’s voice. Sievers also hoped to contribute to textual criticism and evaluate the authenticity of a text’s authorship. In 1910, he published the results of his sound analysis. Although it met with a rather skeptical response, this did not discourage him. He kept to his theory until his death, differentiating and expanding it on some points. For example, he drew on Rutz’s theory of different vocal types, used curves (categorized by his student Gustav Becking) to visualize an individual’s “inner tension,” and followed Rudolf Blümel in applying wire figures, representing the different vocal dispositions, to activate the correct trunk muscles in the speaker.

Although many phoneticians continued to criticize Sievers and his methods, his theories also had many followers, and he remained successful until his death in 1932.

Sievers, Eduard. Untersuchungen über Tatian - Inaugural dissertation. University of Leipzig, 1870,
Die Murbacher Hymnen. Edited by Eduard Sievers, Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, 1874,
Sievers, Eduard. Der Heiland und die angelsächsische Genesis. Halle: Niemeyer, 1875,
Sievers, Eduard. Grundzüge der Lautphysiologie zur Einführung in das Studium der Lautlehre der indogermanischen Sprachen. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1876,
Sievers, Eduard. Grundzüge der Phonetik zur Einführung in das Studium der Lautlehre der indogermanischen Sprachen - (revised version of the 1876 edition). Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1881,
Sievers, Eduard and Steinmeyer, Elias. Die althochdeutschen Glossen - 5 vols.. Berlin: Weidmann, 1879 – 1922,
Sievers, Eduard. Zur Accent- und Lautlehre der germanischen Sprachen. Halle: Niemeyer, 1878,
Sievers, Eduard. Angelsächsische Grammatik. Halle: Niemeyer, 1882,
Sievers, Eduard. "Runen und Runenschriften." Grundriss der Germanischen Philologie, Edited by Hermann Paul, vol. 1, Strassburg: Trübner, 1901, pp. 238-250,
Sievers, Eduard. Rhythmisch-melodische Studien - Vorträge und Aufsätze. Heidelberg: Winter, 1912,
"Neues zu den Rutzschen Reaktionen." Archiv für experimentelle und klinische Phonetik, vol. 1, 1914, pp. 225–252,
Sievers, Eduard. Kongress für Ästhetik und allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft, Berlin, 7.-9. Oktober 1913. Bericht, herausgegeben vom Ortsausschuss. Stuttgart: Verlag von Ferdinand Enke, 1914, pp. 456–475,
Der Nibelunge Nôt / Kûdrûn. Edited by Eduard Sievers, Leipzig: Insel Verlag, 1921,
Sievers, Eduard. Ziele und Wege der Schallanalyse. Heidelberg: Winter, 1924,
Sievers, Eduard. Deutsche Sagversdichtungen des IX. – XI. Jahrhunderts, nebest einem Anhang: Die gotische Bergprdigt. Heidelberg: Winter, 1924,
Die Paulinischen Briefe, klanglich untersucht und herausgegeben von Eduard Sievers - 3 vols.. Edited by Leipzig: E. Pfeiffer, 1926 – 1929,
Meyer-Kalkus, Reinhart. Stimme und Sprechekünste im 20. Jahrhundert. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2001, pp. 73–125,
Sievers, Eduard - Neue Deutsche Biographie 24. 2010, pp. 390–391,
Eduard Sievers at the Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.

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